Урок 6: Conditional — условное наклонение

  1. Trans­late the fol­low­ing sen­tences into Russian.

I’ll ask Peter if I see him today.
They would go to your par­ty if they had time tomorrow.

Mary would pass her exam next month if she worked harder.
Alice would be hap­py if she met Tom at the par­ty next Sunday.
They’ll go nowhere tomor­row if it rains.
If Ann knew Alex’s phone num­ber, she would call him next week.
If  J. Lon­don hadn’t learned life from his own expe­ri­ence, he couldn’t have writ­ten his great works.
Had the sci­ence of radio not been devel­oped so rapid­ly, we shouldn’t have got such remark­able changes in the tech­nique today.
Had Jim been a young man, he would have tak­en part in the expedition.
If Andy had applied this method, he would have got bet­ter results.

[atten­tion type=red]Remember![/attention]


The I‑st: If I have mon­ey, I will buy a car. – Если у меня будут деньги, я куплю машину.

The II-nd: If I had mon­ey, I would buy a car. – Если бы у меня были деньги, я бы купил машину.

The III‑d: If I had had mon­ey, I would have bought a car. – Если бы у меня были деньги, я бы купил машину (нереальное условие).

  1. Open the brackets:

The bus­es all (stop) … if it snowed heavily.
If you (go out) … in cool weath­er with­out a coat, you would catch a cold.
If I saw a cheap sec­ond- hand com­put­er, I (buy) … it.
If you ate well and exer­cised reg­u­lar­ly, you (live) … 100 years.
You would have had stom­ach ache if you (eat) … too much of that jelly.
If it (rain) … this evening, I (take)… my umbrella.
If you did not dri­ve care­ful­ly, you (have) … an accident.
If you (study) … for a high­er qual­i­fi­ca­tion, you (get) … a good job next year.
If you sent the post-card by first class mail, it (get) … there the fol­low­ing day.
If the weath­er is fine, we (go) for a picnic.

  1. Open the brackets:

If I (to have) this rare book, I should glad­ly lend it to you.
The meal would have been much more tasty if she (to be) a bet­ter cook.
He nev­er (to phone) you if I hadn’t remind­ed him to do that.
Your broth­er (to become) much stronger if he took cool baths regularly.
If he (to be) more coura­geous, he would not be afraid.
If the fish­er­man had been more hard-work­ing, he (not to catch) so much fish.
If you (to put) the ice-cream into the refrig­er­a­tor, it would not have melted.
If I (to know) the result now, I would phone her immediately.
If you had let me know yes­ter­day, I (to bring) you my book.
If it (to snow), the chil­dren will play snowballs.

  1. Fin­ish up these sentences:

I’ll ask George to lend me the mon­ey (если я вижу его).
You’ll be late (если не поедете на автобусе).
Will you be able to help me (если мне нужна будет ваша помощь)?
I’d lend you the mon­ey (если бы у меня были деньги).
If I had her tele­phone num­ber (я бы дал вам его).
If they had gone by bus, (они бы сэкономили время).
If my sis­ter won a mil­lion pounds, (она бы потратила их очень быстро).
If I had more time, (я бы прочитал больше книг).
(если я буду чувствовать себя хорошо), I’ll be present  tomorrow.
John would have come to the par­ty last Sun­day (если бы его пригласили).

  1. Con­tin­ue these sentences:

Alex would know Eng­lish bet­ter if …

I should have left Bris­tol yes­ter­day if …

If he were you, …

If John had known that it was going to rain, …

We shall go for a walk, if …

We should lend you our text­books if …

If they had bought the tickets, …

If you were there, …

We should be glad if …

If Joe were younger, …

  1. Trans­late into English:

Я был бы рад, если бы Джон пришел.
Если будет дождь, возьми зонт.
Если ты не наденешь пальто, ты можешь простудиться.
Если у меня будут деньги, я куплю автомобиль.
Мы поженимся, если Мери согласится.
Я куплю тебе кольцо, если захочешь.
Я бы хотел прочитать эту книгу, если бы нашел ее.
Если бы я был на твоем месте, я бы поговорил с ней.

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